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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Light beams with fractional orbital angular momentum and their vortex structure

Gotte, J.B. and O'Holleran, K. and Preece, D. and Flossmann, F. and Franke-Arnold, S. and Barnett, S.M. and Padgett, M.J. (2008) Light beams with fractional orbital angular momentum and their vortex structure. Optics Express, 16 (2). pp. 993-1006. ISSN 1094-4087

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Abstract

Light emerging from a spiral phase plate with a non-integer phase step has a complicated vortex structure and is unstable on propagation. We generate light carrying fractional orbital angular momentum (OAM) not with a phase step but by a synthesis of Laguerre-Gaussian modes. By limiting the number of different Gouy phases in the superposition we produce a light beam which is well characterised in terms of its propagation. We believe that their structural stability makes these beams ideal for quantum information processes utilising fractional OAM states.