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Cholinergic-induced Ca2+ signaling in interstitial cells of Cajal from the guinea pig bladder

Johnston, L. and Carson, C. and Lyons, A.D. and Davidson, R.A. and McCloskey, K.D. (2008) Cholinergic-induced Ca2+ signaling in interstitial cells of Cajal from the guinea pig bladder. American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, 294 (3). F645-F655. ISSN 1931-857X

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Acetylcholine released from parasympathetic excitatory nerves activates contraction in detrusor smooth muscle. Immunohistochemical labeling of guinea pig detrusor with anti-c-Kit and anti-VAChT demonstrated a close structural relationship between interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and cholinergic nerves. The ability of guinea pig bladder detrusor ICC to respond to the acetylcholine analog, carbachol, was investigated in enzymatically dissociated cells, loaded with the Ca2+ indicator fluo 4AM. ICC fired Ca2+ transients in response to stimulation by carbachol (1/10 M). Their pharmacology was consistent with carbachol-induced contractions in strips of detrusor which were inhibited by 4-DAMP (1 M), an M3 receptor antagonist, but not by the M2 receptor antagonist methoctramine (1 M). The source of Ca2+ underlying the carbachol transients in isolated ICC was investigated using agents to interfere with influx or release from intracellular stores. Nifedipine (1 M) or Ni2 (30-100 M) to block Ca2+ channels or the removal of external Ca2 reduced the amplitude of the carbachol transients. Application of ryanodine (30 M) or tetracaine (100 M) abolished the transients. The phospholipase C inhibitor, U-73122 (2.5 M), significantly reduced the responses. 2-Aminoethoxydiethylborate (30 M) caused a significant reduction and Xestospongin C (1 M) was more effective, almost abolishing the responses. Intact in situ preparations of guinea pig bladder loaded with a Ca2+ indicator showed distinctively different patterns of spontaneous Ca2+ events in smooth muscle cells and ICC. Both cell types responded to carbachol by an increase in frequency of these events. In conclusion, guinea pig bladder detrusor ICC, both as isolated cells and within whole tissue preparations, respond to cholinergic stimulation by firing Ca2+ transients.