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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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The roles of pathogen-associated molecular patterns in atherosclerosis

Erridge, C. (2008) The roles of pathogen-associated molecular patterns in atherosclerosis. Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine, 18 (2). pp. 52-56. ISSN 1050-1738

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Abstract

Stimulation of Toll-like receptors, which serve to initiate inflammatory signaling in response to the detection of conserved microbial pathogenassociated molecular patterns (PAMPs), has been shown to play a central role in the development of atherosclerosis. In this review, the recent evidence supporting a role for both infection- and commensal-derived PAMPs in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis will be discussed. Potential sources of PAMPs, their routes of delivery to the artery wall and the mechanisms by which PAMPs may affect vascular function independently of bacteremia or infection of the artery wall with viable organisms will be examined. Finally, the recent evidence that obesity and high-fat diets may each promote translocation of commensal-derived endotoxin from the gut into the circulation to induce inflammation, insulin resistance and atherosclerosis will be discussed.