Misra, A.P. and Shukla, P.K. (2008) Modulational instability of magnetosonic waves in a spin 1/2 quantum plasma. Physics of Plasmas, 15 (5). 052105. ISSN 1070-664XFull text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)
The modulational instability (MI) of magnetosonic waves (MSWs) is analyzed, by using a two-fluid quantum magnetohydrodynamic model that includes the effects of the electron-1/2 spin and the plasma resistivity. The envelope modulation is then studied by deriving the corresponding nonlinear Schrodinger equation from the governing equations. The plasma resistivity is shown to play a dissipative role for the onset of MI. In the absence of resistivity, the microscopic spin properties of electrons can also lead to MI. In such a situation, the dominant spin contribution corresponds to a dense quantum plasma with the particle number density, n(0)greater than or similar to 10(28) m(-3). Also, in such a dissipative (absorbing) medium, where the group velocity vector is usually complex for real values of the wave vector, the role of the real group velocity in the propagation of one-dimensional MSW packets in a homogeneous absorbing medium is reported. The effects of quantum spin on the stability/instability conditions of the magnetosonic envelope are obtained and examined numerically. From the nonlinear dispersion relation of the modulated wave packet it is found that the effect of the spin (plasma resistivity) is to decrease (increase) the instability growth rate provided the normalized Zeeman energy does not exceed a critical value. The theoretical results may have relevance to astrophysical (e.g., magnetars) as well as to ultracold laboratory plasmas (e.g., Rydberg plasmas).
|Keywords:||ion-acoustic-waves, packets, media, model, rays, Plasma physics. Ionized gases, Condensed Matter Physics|
|Subjects:||Science > Physics > Plasma physics. Ionized gases|
|Department:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Depositing user:||Strathprints Administrator|
|Date Deposited:||04 Jun 2010 11:37|
|Last modified:||22 Mar 2017 10:41|