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Simulation and measurement of hts josephson heterodyne oscillator

MacFarlane, J.C. and Du, J. and Taylor, R. and Pegrum, C.M. (2009) Simulation and measurement of hts josephson heterodyne oscillator. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 19 (3). pp. 920-923. ISSN 1051-8223

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We report continuing investigations into practical applications of the ac Josephson effect as the basis for a voltage-tunable radio-frequency oscillator. We have previously demonstrated experimentally that useful power levels (10 s of nW) and linewidths of a few kHz can be achieved in the heterodyne output from a High-Temperature-Superconducting Resistive SQUID (HTS-RSQUID) operating in the frequency range 1-50 MHz. Those results were achieved with 2-junction R-SQUIDs incorporating current-biased shunt resistors of a few micro-ohms. We have now modified the fabrication procedures, and adjusted the shunt resistors and bias current values so that higher frequencies can be achieved. The Josephson junctions are of step-edge type, rather than the bi-crystal type used in our earlier work. The step-edge technique permits much more flexibility in the geometrical lay-out and utilizes the more cost-effective single-crystal MgO substrates. In the present paper, we report numerical simulations and experimental measurements on these devices in the frequency range up to 2 GHz.