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A comparative assessment of different deviation strategies for dangerous NEO

Colombo, C. and Sanchez, J.P. and Vasile, Massimiliano and Radice, Gianmarco (2006) A comparative assessment of different deviation strategies for dangerous NEO. In: AIAA 57th International Astronautical Congress, 2006-10-02 - 2006-10-06.

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Abstract

In this paper a number of deviation strategies for dangerous Near Earth Objects (NEO) have been compared. For each strategy (i.e. Solar Collector, Nuclear Blast, Kinetic Impactor, Low-thrust Propulsion, Mass Driver) a multi criteria optimisation method has been used to reconstruct the set of Pareto optimal solutions minimising the mass of the spacecraft and the warning time, and maximising the deviation. Then, a dominance criterion has been defined and used to compare all the Pareto sets. The achievable deviation at the MOID, either for a low-thrust or for an impulsive variation of the orbit of the NEO, has been computed through a set of analytical formulas. The variation of the orbit of the NEO has been estimated through a deviation action model that takes into account the wet mass of the spacecraft at the Earth. Finally the technology readiness level of each strategy has been used to compute a more realistic value for the required warning time.