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World class computing and information science research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

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Bioactive microbial metabolites from glycyrrhetinic acid

Maatooq, Galal T. and Marzouk, Amani M. and Gray, A.I. and Rosazza, John P. (2009) Bioactive microbial metabolites from glycyrrhetinic acid. Phytochemistry, 71 (2-3). pp. 262-270. ISSN 0031-9422

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Abstract

Biotransformation of 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid, using Absidia pseudocylinderospora ATCC 24169, Gliocladium viride ATCC 10097 and Cunninghamella echinulata ATCC 8688a afforded seven metabolites, which were identified by different spectroscopic techniques (1H, 13C NMR, DEPT, 1H-1H COSY, HMBC and HMQC). Three of these metabolites, viz. 15α-hydroxy-18α-glycyrrhetinic acid, 13β-hydroxy-7α,27-oxy-12-dihydro-18β-glycyrrhetinic acid and 1α-hydroxy-18β-glycyrrhetinic acid are new. The 13C NMR data and full assignment for the known metabolite 7β, 15α-dihydroxy-18β-glycyrrhetinic acid are described here for the first time. The major metabolites were evaluated for their hepatoprotective activity using different in vitro and in vivo models. These included protection against FeCl3/ascorbic acid-induced lipid peroxidation of normal mice liver homogenate, induction of nitric oxide (NO) production in rat macrophages and in vivo hepatoprotection against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in albino mice.