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A developmental and training study of children's ability to find safe routes to cross the road

Thomson, J.A. (1993) A developmental and training study of children's ability to find safe routes to cross the road. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 11. pp. 31-45. ISSN 0261-510X

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    Abstract

    The sites and routes that children of different ages considered to be safe to cross the road were investigated. In Expt 1, children aged 5, 7, 9 and 11 years were instructed to choose 'the safest' crossing sites and routes to specified destinations. The results showed a gradual developmental shift with safer, more adult-like choices appearing with increasing age. Five and 7 year olds exhibited only a rudimentary selection procedure, choosing the most direct route as safest and showing a marked lack of awareness of the dangers posed by nearby roadside obstacles or other visual restrictions. In a further experiment, 5-year-olds were individually trained in finding safe places to cross. Training took place either in the real road environment or using a tabletop model of a traffic environment. A series of pre-and post-tests enabled the effectiveness of the training to be assessed. Substantial improvements following training were obtained in both groups. No differences were found between the two training methods. Though performance fell somewhat over the two months following training, trained children still outperformed their untrained peers eight months after the programme ended. The implications for road safety education are discussed.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 18670
    Keywords: road safety, traffic, child safety, child psychology, Transportation and Communications, Psychology, Developmental Neuroscience, Developmental and Educational Psychology
    Subjects: Social Sciences > Transportation and Communications
    Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
    Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology
    Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Miss Lisa McWhinnie
    Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2010 09:06
    Last modified: 05 Sep 2014 16:38
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/18670

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