Picture of athlete cycling

Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

Explore open research content by Physical Activity for Health...

Spontaneous density grating formation in suspensions of dielectric nanoparticles

Wiggins, Mark and Robb, Gordon and McNeil, Brian and Jones, David and Jamison, Steven and Jaroszynski, Dino (2002) Spontaneous density grating formation in suspensions of dielectric nanoparticles. Journal of Modern Optics, 49 (5-6). pp. 997-1006.

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Experimental evidence for nonlinear optical behaviour due to the spontaneous formation of wavelength-scale density modulations or gratings in suspensions of dielectric particles is presented. A collection of dielectric particles pumped by a coherent radiation field may simultaneously form a density grating on the scale of the radiation wavelength and a coherently backscattered radiation field. The particle density grating is generated as a result of a periodic ponderomotive potential formed by the interference of the pump and backscattered fields. The experiment used a water suspension of latex microspheres (radius ≈ 56nm) pumped by a green CW laser (532nm, power ≤ 5W). A theoretical model of collective scattering of light from dielectric particles has been extended to include the effects of viscous and Brownian forces on the particles. This model predicts a small degree of particle bunching from which coherent backscattering of the pump occurs. The results of the theoretical model compare favourably with the experimental evidence. The relation between the results presented here and the phenomenon of Collective Rayleigh Scattering (CRS) is discussed.