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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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Femtosecond laser irradiation of polymethylmethacrylate for refractive index gratings

Scully, P.J. and Jones, D. and Jaroszynski, D.A. (2003) Femtosecond laser irradiation of polymethylmethacrylate for refractive index gratings. Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, 5 (4). S92-S96. ISSN 1464-4258

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Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) or Perspex is an inexpensive polymer widely used for making the cores of communications grade polymer optical fibres (POFs) and as a substrate for polymer optoelectronic devices and integrated waveguides. Periodic refractive index structures have been written in undoped PMMA using multiple pulses of 40 fs duration from a 1 kHz Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser operating at the fundamental (800 nm). A refractive index change (Δn) of 5 ± 0.5 × 10−4 was observed before the onset of striations. Optimization of writing conditions for refractive index modification of POF fibres or bulk undoped PMMA will enable structures such as Bragg gratings, long-period gratings, mode couplers, microlens arrays, and zone plates to be written.