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Aspects of the design and analysis of signal-detection experiments

Robertson, C. and Morgan, B.J.T. (1990) Aspects of the design and analysis of signal-detection experiments. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 43 (1). pp. 7-14. ISSN 0007-1102

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Abstract

Presents guidelines for users of the simple Yes/No signal detection experiment who want to design their experiments to ensure a given precision for estimators of d. Additionally, simulations of small-scale Yes/No and rating-method experiments are employed to investigate when the use of asymptotic results is justified. The way in which the pay-off matrix for the Yes/No experiment may be manipulated to optimize precision is demonstrated. Large experiments may be needed to provide precise unbiased estimation of d, with sampling distributions that are not appreciably skewed.