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Exam howlers or accidents waiting to happen?

Hogwood, Brian W. (2003) Exam howlers or accidents waiting to happen? Risk and Regulation, 5. p. 10. ISSN 1473-6004

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The presentation compares the regulatory implications of two highly politically salient exam-marking crises in the context of formal ministerial accountability to parliaments, blame-shifting, and 'alphabet soups' of bodies varying in formal status from government department, non-ministerial department, executive agency, statutory non-departmental public body, 'advisory' committees carrying out executive functions, and a range of nominally private bodies, some of which are carrying out 'public' functions. Among the issues introduced are monitoring and regulation in the context of (flawed) change management and separation of regulatory functions from others such as curriculum development and exam-setting and marking.