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Runge-Kutta solutions of a hyperbolic conservation law with source term

Aves, M.A. and Griffiths, D.F. and Higham, D.J. (2000) Runge-Kutta solutions of a hyperbolic conservation law with source term. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 22 (1). pp. 20-38. ISSN 1064-8275

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Spurious long-term solutions of a finite-difference method for a hyperbolic conservation law with a general nonlinear source term are studied. Results are contrasted with those that have been established for nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Various types of spurious behavior are examined, including spatially uniform equilibria that exist for arbitrarily small time-steps, nonsmooth steady states with profiles that jump between fixed levels, and solutions with oscillations that arise from nonnormality and exist only in finite precision arithmetic. It appears that spurious behavior is associated in general with insufficient spatial resolution. The potential for curbing spuriosity by using adaptivity in space or time is also considered.