Picture of smart phone in human hand

World leading smartphone and mobile technology research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in researching exciting new applications for mobile and smartphone technology. But the transformative application of mobile technologies is also the focus of research within disciplines as diverse as Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Marketing, Human Resource Management and Biomedical Enginering, among others.

Explore Strathclyde's Open Access research on smartphone technology now...

The effects of Indian red scorpion Buthus tamulus venom in vivo and in vitro

Rowan, E.G. and Vatanpour, H. and Furman, B.L. and Harvey, A.L. and Tanira, M.O.M. and Gopalakrishnakone, P. (1992) The effects of Indian red scorpion Buthus tamulus venom in vivo and in vitro. Toxicon, 30 (10). pp. 1157-1164. ISSN 0041-0101

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

The Indian red scorpion Buthus tamulus (or Mesobuthus tamulus) can cause fatal envenoming, but its mechanism of action is unclear. Venom was tested in vivo in anaesthetized rats and in vitro on isolated cardiac and skeletal muscle preparations. In vivo, the venom caused marked rhythmical fluctuations in blood pressure preceding cardiovascular collapse and death. On sheep Purkinje fibres, venom could induce spontaneous action potentials and cause prolongation of action potential duration. In chick biventer cervicis and mouse triangularis sterni preparations, venom enhanced the release of acetylcholine and induced repetitive firing of nerve action potentials in response to single shock stimulation. High concentrations caused stimulation then block of neuromuscular transmission. The main effects of Buthus tamulus venom are likely to be due to toxins that affect the opening of Na+ channels in nerves and muscles. This will cause an increase in the release of neurotransmitters in the peripheral nervous system, which may produce cardiovascular abnormalities and respiratory paralysis.