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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Investigation of the s-2(1/2)-d-2(5/2) clock transition in a single ytterbium ion

Taylor, P. and Roberts, M. and GatevaKostova, S.V. and Clarke, R.B.M. and Barwood, G.P. and Rowley, W.R.C. and Gill, P. (1997) Investigation of the s-2(1/2)-d-2(5/2) clock transition in a single ytterbium ion. Physical Review A, 56 (4). pp. 2699-2704. ISSN 1094-1622

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Abstract

The suitability of the 411-nm 2S1/2-2D5/2 transition in Yb+ is assessed as an optical frequency standard. The lifetime of the 2D5/2 level has been measured and found to be 7.2±0.3 ms, which implies a natural linewidth of 22.2±0.9 Hz for the 411-nm transition. In addition to a decay to the ground state the 2D5/2 level can decay into the highly metastable 2F7/2 level where it is trapped. The branching ratio for decay into the 2F7/2 level has been measured and found to be 0.83±0.03. A transition capable of rapidly depopulating the 2F7/2 level and returning the ion to the cooling cycle has been demonstrated. This has enabled a quantum jump measurement of the 411-nm transition in 172Yb+ to be performed, yielding a center frequency of 729 476 869.13(0.42) MHz (1σ).