Picture of two heads

Open Access research that challenges the mind...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

Ultrasonic degradation of polystyrene solutions

Kanwal, F. and Liggat, J.J. and Pethrick, R.A. (2000) Ultrasonic degradation of polystyrene solutions. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 68 (3). pp. 445-449. ISSN 0141-3910

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

The degradation of narrow molar mass distribution samples of polystyrene dissolved in toluene when exposed to ultrasound are reported. The change in molar mass on exposure to the ultrasound was monitored by use of gel permeation chromatography and solution viscosity measurements. Dynamic response of the polymer molecules in solution to the ultrasonic perturbation is calculated using a modification of the Wang-Zimm theory. A good correlation between the decrease in the energy absorption predicted by theory and the decrease in the rate of degradation was observed. It is proposed that the degradation process induced by ultrasonic degradation be intimately connected with the viscoelastic response of a polymer molecule in dilute solution and is not just a consequence of the cavitation process.