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Modelling the inventory and impact assessment of partitioning and transmutation approaches to spent nuclear fuel management

Hoggett-Jones, C. and Robbins, C. and Gettinby, G. and Blythe, S.P. (2002) Modelling the inventory and impact assessment of partitioning and transmutation approaches to spent nuclear fuel management. Annals of Nuclear Energy, 29 (5). pp. 491-508. ISSN 0306-4549

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Abstract

An inventory modelling and impact assessment system to investigate the potential effects of partitioning and transmutation is proposed. It is founded on a mass based inventory analysis using the principles of basic nuclear physics and the international standards for assessing radiological health effects. It is specific to the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle and is applied to four alternative spent fuel management strategies. The system accounts for the dynamic nature of post-irradiation scenarios and is being used to develop software for use within the nuclear power industry. Four example waste-disposal options are considered using the method. Impact assessments and parameter sensitivity analyses are presented.