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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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A high mass resolution study of the interaction of aromatic and nitro-aromatic molecules with intense laser fields

Tasker, A.D. and Robson, L. and Ledingham, K.W.D. and McCanny, T. and Hankin, S.M. and McKenna, P. and Kosmidis, C. and Jaroszynski, D.A. (2002) A high mass resolution study of the interaction of aromatic and nitro-aromatic molecules with intense laser fields. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 106 (16). pp. 4005-4013. ISSN 1089-5639

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Abstract

The technique of femtosecond laser mass spectrometry has been applied to benzene, nitrobenzene, toluene and nitrotoluene using pulses of 80 fs and λ = 800 nm (1014 − 1016 W cm-2). The ultrafast laser pulses used were able to largely defeat the dissociation pathways associated with nanosecond ionization and produce a molecular ion for both the aromatics and the two photounstable nitro-aromatics. The high mass resolution (m/Δm = 800) permitted, for the first time, the observation of various doubly charged species and allowed a study of the effect of the substituent NO2 group on the multiple ionization process. It was found that the femtosecond laser irradiation of benzene and toluene enabled the production of a doubly charged cation envelope in each case along with an additional doubly ionized contribution from certain lower mass fragments. Doubly ionized species were also observed for the nitro-aromatics including, most notably the loss of NO2 doubly charged ion ([M−NO2]2+) although a doubly charged parent was not observed. In addition, an NO2+ ion was detected for both nitro-aromatics which was thought to be evidence of a 'charge-separation' process involving a transient doubly charged molecular ion.