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Review: Experiments in fundamental physics scheduled and in development for the ISS

Lammerzahl, C. and Ahlers, G. and Ashby, N. and Barmatz, M. and Biermann, P.L. and Dittus, H. and Dohm, V. and Duncan, R. and Lockerbie, N.A. (2004) Review: Experiments in fundamental physics scheduled and in development for the ISS. General Relativity and Gravitation, 36 (3). pp. 615-649. ISSN 0001-7701

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Abstract

This is a review of those experiments in the area of Fundamental Physics that are either approved by ESA and NASA, or are currently under development, which are to be performed in the microgravity environment of the International Space Station. These experiments cover the physics of liquid Helium (SUE, BEST, MISTE, DYNAMX, and EXACT), ultrastable atomic clocks (PHARAO, PARCS, RACE), ultrastable microwave resonators (SUMO), and particle detectors (AMS and EUSO). The scientific goals are to study more precisely the universality properties of liquid Helium under microgravity conditions, to establish better time standards and to test the universality of the gravitational red shift, to make more precise tests of the constancy of the speed of light, and to measure the particle content in space directly without disturbances from the Earth's inner atmosphere.