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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Control of enhanced raman scattering using a DNA-based assembly process of dye-coded nanoparticles

Graham, D. and Thompson, D.G. and Smith, W.E. and Faulds, K. (2008) Control of enhanced raman scattering using a DNA-based assembly process of dye-coded nanoparticles. Nature Nanotechnology, 3 (9). pp. 548-551. ISSN 1748-3387

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Abstract

Enhanced Raman scattering from metal surfaces has been investigated for over 30 years1. Silver surfaces are known to produce a large effect, and this can be maximized by producing a roughened surface, which can be achieved by the aggregation of silver nanoparticles2, 3, 4. However, an approach to control this aggregation, in particular through the interaction of biological molecules such as DNA, has not been reported. Here we show the selective turning on of the surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering5 effect on dye-coded, DNA-functionalized, silver nanoparticles through a target-dependent, sequence-specific DNA hybridization assembly that exploits the electromagnetic enhancement mechanism for the scattering. Dye-coded nanoparticles that do not undergo hybridization experience no enhancement and hence do not give surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering. This is due to the massive difference in enhancement from nanoparticle assemblies compared with individual nanoparticles. The electromagnetic enhancement is the dominant effect and, coupled with an understanding of the surface chemistry, allows surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering nanosensors to be designed based on a natural biological recognition process. (Abstract copied from: http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/v3/n9/abs/nnano.2008.189.html)