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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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A 6-month exercise intervention among inactive and overweight favela-residing women in brazil : the caranguejo exercise trial

Alves, J.G. and Gale, C.R. and Mutrie, N. and Correia, J.B. and Batty, G.D. (2009) A 6-month exercise intervention among inactive and overweight favela-residing women in brazil : the caranguejo exercise trial. American Journal of Public Health, 99 (1). pp. 76-80. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

We examined the viability and efficacy of a known quantity of exercise in facilitating weight loss among previously sedentary or irregularly active overweight and obese adult women residing in a slum (favela) in Brazil. In this randomized controlled trial, 156 women were randomized to a control or intervention group (78 in each group). Exercise was supervised, consisting of three 50-minute aerobic sessions each week for 6 months. Ninety-one percent (71) of the participants in the intervention group completed 6 months of the exercise program. At 6 months, women in the treatment group showed significant reduction in weight (mean=-1.69 kg; 95% confidence interval [CI]=-2.36,-1.03) and body mass index (mean=-0.63 kg/m^sup 2^; 95% CI=-0.97, -0.30) compared with controls (P for both<.001). A moderately intense, structured exercise program resulted in modest weight loss in women when sustained for 6 months.