Picture of a black hole

Strathclyde Open Access research that creates ripples...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde physicists involved in observing gravitational waves and black hole mergers as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) - but also other internationally significant research from the Department of Physics. Discover why Strathclyde's physics research is making ripples...

Strathprints also exposes world leading research from the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

The conjoint junction of the triceps surae: implications for gastrocnemius tendon lengthening

Elson, D.W. and Whiten, S. and Hillman, S.J. and Johnson, R.J. and Lo, S.S. and Robb, J.E. (2007) The conjoint junction of the triceps surae: implications for gastrocnemius tendon lengthening. Clinical Anatomy, 20 (8). pp. 924-928.

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

Forty embalmed cadaver lower limbs were dissected to identify the morphology of the conjoint junction of the tendons of gastrocnemius and soleus and the location of the gastrocnemius tendon relative to bony landmarks. Five patterns of conjoint junction morphology were found: transverse (25%), oblique passing distally and medially (45%), oblique passing distally and laterally (5%) and arcuate as an inverted U (17.5%) and a U-shape (7.5%). Left-right asymmetry of the junction was observed in 31.6% of 19 paired cadaver legs. On the medial side of the calf the gastrocnemius tendon could be located between 38 and 46% of the proportion of the distance between the upper border of the calcaneus and the fibular head. Corresponding values for the midline and lateral side of the calf were 45-58% and 48-51%. The location of the gastrocnemius tendon relative to bony landmarks may help to guide incision planning for open or endoscopic division of the tendon.