Picture of athlete cycling

Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

Explore open research content by Physical Activity for Health...

Numerical simulation of rivulet evolution on a circular cylinder in an airflow

Robertson, A.C. and Taylor, I.J. (2008) Numerical simulation of rivulet evolution on a circular cylinder in an airflow. In: 8th UK Conference on Wind Engineering, 2008-07-14 - 2008-07-16.

[img]
Preview
PDF (strathprints016485.pdf)
strathprints016485.pdf

Download (977kB) | Preview

Abstract

On wet and windy days, the inclined cables of cable-stayed bridges may experience a large amplitude oscillation known as Rain-Wind-Induced Vibration (RWIV). It has previously been shown by 'in-situ' and wind-tunnel studies that the formation of rain-water accumulations or 'rivulets' at approximately the separation points of the external aerodynamic flow field and the resulting effect that these rivulets have on this field may be one of the primary mechanisms for RWIV. A numerical method has been developed to undertake simulations of certain aspects of RWIV, in particular, rivulet formation and evolution. Specifically a two-dimensional model for the evolution of a thin film of water on the outer surface of a horizontal circular cylinder subject to the pressure and shear forces that result from the external flow field is presented. Numerical simulations of the resulting evolution equation using a bespoke pseudo-spectral solver capture the formation of two-dimensional rivulets, the geometry, location andgrowth rate of which are all in good agreement with previous studies. Examinations of how the distribution and magnitude of aerodynamic loading and the Reynolds number influence the rivulet temporal evolution are undertaken, theresults of which indicate that while all three affect the temporal evolution, the distribution of the loading has the greatest effect.