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Optimal impact strategies for asteroid deflection

Vasile, M. and Colombo, C. (2008) Optimal impact strategies for asteroid deflection. Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, 31 (4). pp. 858-872. ISSN 0731-5090

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This paper presents an analysis of optimal impact strategies to deflect potentially dangerous asteroids. To compute the increase in the minimum orbit intersection distance of the asteroid due to an impact with a spacecraft, simple analytical formulas are derived from proximal motion equations. The proposed analytical formulation allows for an analysis of the optimal direction of the deviating impulse transferred to the asteroid. This ideal optimal direction cannot be achieved for every asteroid at any time; therefore, an analysis of the optimal launch opportunities for deviating a number of selected asteroids was performed through the use of a global optimization procedure. The results in this paper demonstrate that the proximal motion formulation has very good accuracy in predicting the actual deviation and can be used with any deviation method because it has general validity. Furthermore, the characterization of optimal launch opportunities shows that a significant deviation can be obtained even with a small spacecraft.

Item type: Article
ID code: 16451
Keywords: optimal impact strategies, asteroid deflection, Mechanical engineering and machinery, Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics, Aerospace Engineering, Computational Mechanics, Control and Systems Engineering, Control and Optimization
Subjects: Technology > Mechanical engineering and machinery
Technology > Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Department: Faculty of Engineering > Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Depositing user: Ms Katrina May
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2010 18:07
Last modified: 23 Jul 2015 14:34
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