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The Dokuchaev expedition to the Steppes and sustainability in the 1890s

Moon, David (2005) The Dokuchaev expedition to the Steppes and sustainability in the 1890s. In: Third International Conference of the European Society for Environmental History, 2005-02-16 - 2005-02-19.

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Abstract

In 1892, in the wake of the drought, harvest failure and famine in the steppe region of the Russian Empire, the noted soil scientist Vasilii Dokuchaev was commissioned by the Ministry of State Domains of the Imperial Russian government to lead an expedition to the steppes to investigate ways of placing agriculture in the region on a more sustainable basis. The paper will consider Dokuchaev's plan drawn up in 1892, the work of the expedition, and the development of his ideas of sustainable agriculture. The paper will be based on Dokuchaev's extensive published works, the publications of the expedition and, Russian archives permitting, the files of the Ministry of State Domains.