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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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3D-QSAR studies on chromone derivatives as HIV-1 protease inhibitors: application of molecular field analysis

Nunthanavanit, Patcharawee and Anthony, N.G. and Johnston, B.F. and Mackay, S.P. and Ungwitayatorn, Jiraporn (2008) 3D-QSAR studies on chromone derivatives as HIV-1 protease inhibitors: application of molecular field analysis. Archiv der Pharmazie, 341 (6). pp. 357-364. ISSN 0365-6233

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Abstract

Three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models were developed for chromone derivatives against HIV-1 protease using molecular field analysis (MFA) with genetic partial least square algorithms (G/PLS). Three different alignment methods: field fit, pharmacophore-based, and receptor-based were used to derive three MFA models. All models produced good predictive ability with high cross-validated r2 (r2cv), conventional r2, and predictive r2 (r2pred) values. The receptor-based MFA showed the best statistical results with r2cv = 0.789, r2 = 0.886, and r2pred = 0.995. The result obtained from the receptor-based model was compared with the docking simulation of the most active compound 21 in this chromone series to the binding pocket of HIV-1 protease (PDB entry 1AJX). It was shown that the MFA model related well with the binding structure of the complex and can provide guidelines to design more potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors.