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Real-time prediction with UK monetary aggregates in the presence of model uncertainty

Garrett, Anthony and Koop, Gary and Mise, Emi and Vahey, Shaun P. (2009) Real-time prediction with UK monetary aggregates in the presence of model uncertainty. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 27 (4). pp. 480-491. ISSN 0735-0015

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Abstract

A popular account for the demise of the UK monetary targeting regime in the 1980s blames the weak predictive relationships between broad money and inflation and real output. In this paper, we investigate these relationships using a variety of monetary aggregates which were used as intermediate UK policy targets. We use both real-time and final vintage data and consider a large set of recursively estimated Vector Autoregressive (VAR) and Vector Error Correction models (VECM). These models differ in terms of lag length and the number of cointegrating relationships. Faced with this model uncertainty, we utilize Bayesian model averaging (BMA) and contrast it with a strategy of selecting a single best model. Using the real-time data available to UK policymakers at the time, we demonstrate that the in-sample predictive content of broad money fluctuates throughout the 1980s for both strategies. However, the strategy of choosing a single best model amplifies these fluctuations. Out-of-sample predictive evaluations rarely suggest that money matters for either inflation or real output, regardless of whether we select a single model or do BMA. Overall, we conclude that the money was a weak (and unreliable) predictor for these key macroeconomic variables. But the view that the predictive content of UK broad money diminished during the 1980s receives little support using either the real-time or final vintage data.

Item type: Article
ID code: 15655
Notes: Also available as a working paper (2007): http://personal.strath.ac.uk/gary.koop/GKMV.pdf
Keywords: money, vector error correction models, model uncertainty, Bayesian model, averaging, real time data, Economic Theory, Economics and Econometrics, Social Sciences (miscellaneous), Statistics and Probability, Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Subjects: Social Sciences > Economic Theory
Department: Strathclyde Business School > Economics
Related URLs:
Depositing user: Mrs Kirsty Fontanella
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2010 19:50
Last modified: 05 Sep 2014 00:03
URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/15655

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