De Feo, Giuseppe and Hindriks, J. (2009) Harmful competition in the insurance markets. Discussion paper. Department of Economics.Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)
There is a general presumption that competition is a good thing. In this paper we show that competition in the insurance markets can be bad and that adverse selection is in general worse under competition than under monopoly. The reason is that monopoly can exploit its market power to relax incentive constraints by cross-subsidization between different risk types. Cream-skimming behavior, on the contrary, prevents competitive firms from using implicit transfers. In effect monopoly is shown to provide better coverage to those buying insurance but at the cost of limiting participation to insurance. Performing simulation for different distributions of risk, we find that monopoly in general performs (much) better than competition in terms of the realization of the gains from trade across all traders in equilibrium. However, most of the surplus is retained by the firm and, as a result, most individuals prefer competitive markets notwithstanding their performance is generally poorer than monopoly.
|Item type:||Monograph (Discussion paper)|
|Subjects:||Social Sciences > Economic Theory|
|Department:||Strathclyde Business School > Economics|
|Depositing user:||Mrs Kirsty Fontanella|
|Date Deposited:||08 Jan 2010 15:00|
|Last modified:||08 Mar 2017 01:16|