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Accurate direction-of-arrival estimation of multiple sources using a genetic approach

Li, M. and Lu, Yi-Long (2005) Accurate direction-of-arrival estimation of multiple sources using a genetic approach. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 5 (3). pp. 343-353. ISSN 1530-8669

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Abstract

In this paper, we present an accurate direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation method, which is based on the maximum likelihood (ML) principle and implemented using a modified and refined genetic algorithm (GA). With the newly introduced features—intelligent initialization and the emperor-selective (EMS) mating scheme, carefully selected crossover and mutation operators and fine-tuned parameters such as the population size, the probability of crossover and mutation etc., the GA-ML estimator achieves fast global convergence. A GA operator and parameter standard is suggested for this application, which is independent of the source and array configurations except the number of sources. Simulation results demonstrate that in general scenarios, the proposed estimator is the most efficient in computation and its statistical performance is the best among all popular ML-based DOA estimation methods.