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A 2D ultrasonic array design incorporating hexagonal-shaped elements for NDE applications

Dziewierz, J. and Ramadas, S.N. and Gachagan, A. and O'Leary, R.L. and Hayward, G. (2010) A 2D ultrasonic array design incorporating hexagonal-shaped elements for NDE applications. In: 2009 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 2009-09-20 - 2009-09-23.

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Contemporary 2D Ultrasonic arrays suffer from low SNR and limited steering capabilities. Yet, there is a great desire in the industry to increase the operational frequency, in order to enhance their volumetric imaging resolution. State-of-the art arrays use an orthogonal matrix of rectangular elements as this is a natural step forward from the conventional 1D array structure. The objective of this work is to evaluate properties of triangular, rather than rectangular ceramic pillars in a 1-3 connectivity piezoelectric composite for application in a hexagonal-element 2D array. A 3MHz prototype device exploiting new hexagonal substructure have been manufactured. Measured mechanical cross-coupling level is -21.9dB between neighbouring hexagonal elements, providing validation of simulation result. Corroboration between measured and FE modelled device behaviour is demonstrated.