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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Clinical efficacy of two-phase leukocyte filtration in high-risk patients undergoing coronary revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass

Gunaydin, S. and Modine, T. and Sari, T. and Zorlutuna, Y. and Gourlay, T. (2009) Clinical efficacy of two-phase leukocyte filtration in high-risk patients undergoing coronary revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass. Journal of Extra-Corporeal Technology, 41 (3). pp. 149-156. ISSN 0022-1058

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome, inflammatory response and myocardial function in high-risk patients undergoing three different leukocyte depletion strategies. Over a four-month period, forty patients (EuroSCORE 6+) undergoing coronary revascularization were prospectively randomized to one of the four perfusion protocols: Group 1 (N=10): Conventional circuits (ECC) + two leukocyte filters (LG6B, Pall, USA) with the method of two-phase (continuous + strategic) leukofiltration; Group 2 (N=10): ECC + single leukocyte filter with the method of continuous leukofiltration; Group 3 (N=10): ECC + single leukocyte filter with the method of strategic leukofiltration; Group 4 (N=10) Control: ECC without leukocyte filtration. Blood samples were collected at T1: Baseline, T2: On CPB, T3: X-Clamp, T4: Off CPB, T5: ICU24 and T6: ICU48. Perioperative follow-up was thoroughly monitored. Leukocyte counts in double filter and strategic filtration groups demonstrated significant differences at T4 (p < .05 vs. control). TNFalpha levels were significantly lower in Group 1 at T4 and procalcitonin levels at T5 and T6 (p < .05 vs. control). CKMB levels demonstrated well preserved myocardium in double filter group (p < .05 vs. control). Brain natriuretic peptide levels in double filter group were significantly lower at T5 and T6 with respect to Group 2 (p <.05) and control (p <.001). Matrixmetallopeptidase 9 and D-Dimer levels in double filter group were significantly lower at T5 and T6 (p <.05 vs. control).Two-phase leukofiltration is associated with some compound benefit over continuous deployment in high-risk patients. A larger more powerful study than this pilot one is warranted for further evaluation.