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Aether drag and moving images

Leach, J. and Wright, A.J. and Götte, J.B. and Girkin, J.M. and Allen, L. and Franke-Arnold, S. and Barnett, S.M. and Padgett, M.J. (2008) Aether drag and moving images. Physical Review Letters, 100 (15). ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract

We contrast the two situations in which either a light beam is incident on a moving medium or a moving optical image is incident on a stationary medium. The principle of relativity suggests that the effects on the light of propagating through the medium should be similar. We find, however, that there are subtle differences which we can understand in terms of the relative alignment of the Poynting and wave vectors. Our analysis and experiments investigate both translational motion and rotation.