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Towards functionally graded cellular microstructures

Torres-Sanchez, C. and Corney, J.R. (2008) Towards functionally graded cellular microstructures. In: Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems SMASIS08, 1900-01-01.

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Abstract

The design of multifunctional materials offers great potential for numerous applications in areas ranging from biomaterial science to structural engineering. Functionally graded microstructures (e.g., polymeric foams) are those whose porosity (i.e., ratio of the void to the solid volume of a material) is engineered to meet specific requirements such as a superior mechanical, thermal, and acoustic behavior. The controlled distribution of pores within the matrix, as well as their size, wall thickness, and interconnectivity are directly linked to the porous materials properties. There are emerging design and analysis methods of cellular materials but their physical use is restricted by current manufacturing technologies. Although a huge variety of foams can be manufactured with homogeneous porosity, for heterogeneous foams there are no generic processes for controlling the distribution of porosity throughout the resulting matrix. This paper describes work to develop an innovative and flexible process for manufacturing engineered cellular structures. Ultrasound was applied during specific foaming stages of a polymeric (polyurethane) melt, and this affected both the cellular architecture and distribution of the pore size, resulting in a controlled distribution that can be designed for specific purposes, once the polymeric foam solidified. The experimental results demonstrate that porosity (i.e., volume fraction) varies in direct proportion to the acoustic pressure magnitude of the ultrasonic signal.

Item type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
ID code: 13944
Notes: This is a variant record.
Keywords: cellular microstructures, adaptive structures, Technology (General), Engineering design
Subjects: Technology > Technology (General)
Technology > Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > Engineering design
Department: Faculty of Engineering > Design, Manufacture and Engineering Management
Depositing user: Dr Marisa K Smith
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2011 00:55
Last modified: 17 Jul 2013 14:29
URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/13944

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