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The triple helix strategy for universities in developing countries: the experiences in Malaysia and Algeria

Saad, M. and Zawdie, G. and Malairaja, C. (2008) The triple helix strategy for universities in developing countries: the experiences in Malaysia and Algeria. Science and Public Policy, 35 (6). pp. 431-443. ISSN 0302-3427

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Abstract

This article addresses issues relating to the policy shift in developing countries aimed at making universities increasingly relevant to the socio-economic milieu by promoting the 'triple helix culture' as a sustainable basis for innovation and technological progress. The role of universities in creating, disseminating and sharing knowledge is highlighted. Using the experiences of Malaysia and Algeria, the article explores evidence to show the extent to which the triple helix system of relationships between university, industry and government could be expected to enhance the relevance of universities to developing countries as active agents of innovation and sustainable development.