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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Effective and efficient breakwater design for trading vessels and FPSOS

Varyani, K. and Hodgson, T. and Pham, X.P. (2008) Effective and efficient breakwater design for trading vessels and FPSOS. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 130 (2). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0892-7219

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Abstract

Breakwaters obviously need to fulfill their function (protecting sensitive structures or cargo) while at the same time remaining intact and imposing manageable loads onto supporting structure. It goes without saying that such breakwaters should be cost effective, so that complex designs with extensive welding may not be preferable. In this paper the authors discuss green water loading on breakwaters for trading vessels like container ships which have forward speed and FPSOs which have zero speed. Different generic designs of V shape, vane type, double skin with and without holes, and forward sloping forecastle (whaleback deck) breakwaters applied to trading vessels are discussed. Guidelines for modeling green water horizontal loading on breakwaters of FPSOs and trading vessels using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques are provided. The paper will also include a review of breakwater design criteria in rules and regulations.