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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Lymphocyte hyporesponsiveness during filarial nematode infection

Harnett, W. and Harnett, M.M. (2008) Lymphocyte hyporesponsiveness during filarial nematode infection. Parasite Immunology, 30 (9). pp. 447-453. ISSN 0141-9838

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Abstract

A frequently observed feature of active infection with filarial nematodes is the presence of lymphocytes in the bloodstream that have impaired responsiveness to antigen. It is generally accepted that such a defect in lymphocyte function could contribute to the failure of the immune system to eliminate filarial nematodes. For this reason, understanding the mechanism underlying lymphocyte 'hyporesponsiveness' is an important goal for immunologists who study filarial nematodes. Thus, although there has long been an interest in answering questions such as what stage(s) of the nematode causes hyporesponsiveness, more recently, lymphocyte hyporesponsiveness has been increasingly studied at the molecular level. The result of this is that we are now beginning to learn much of the nature and cause of phenotypic changes in the hyporesponsive lymphocyte and also of the identity of the nematode-derived molecules that induce them. As this information continues to be generated, the challenge will be to use it to find a way of reversing lymphocyte hyporesponsiveness in the hope that this will lead to rejection of filarial nematodes in the parasitized human host.