Picture of athlete cycling

Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

Explore open research content by Physical Activity for Health...

6-Acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin is an activator of nitric oxide synthases

Suckling, Colin J. and Gibson, C.L. and Huggan, Judith K. and Morthala, Raghavendar R. and Clarke, Brendan and Kununthur, Suma and Wadsworth, Roger M. and Daff, Simon and Papale, Davide (2008) 6-Acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin is an activator of nitric oxide synthases. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 18 (5). pp. 1563-1566. ISSN 0960-894X

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

6-Acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-7,8-dihydropterin 3 has been shown to be able to substitute for the natural cofactor of nitric oxide synthases, tetrahydrobiopterin 1, in cells and tissues that contain active nitric oxide synthases (NOSs). In both macrophages, which produce iNOS, and endothelial cells, which produce eNOS, in which tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis has been blocked by inhibition of GTP cyclohydrolase 1, dihydropterin 3 restored production of nitric oxide by these cells. In tissues, 3 caused relaxation in preconstricted rat aortic rings, again in which tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis had been inhibited, an effect that was blocked by the NOS inhibitor, l-NAME. However, dihydropterin 3 was not itself an active cofactor in purified NOS (nNOS) preparations free of tetrahydrobiopterin suggesting that intracellular reduction to 6-acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin 4 is required for activity. Compound 4 was prepared by reduction of the corresponding 7,8-dihydropterin with sodium cyanoborohydride and has been shown to be a competent cofactor for nitric oxide production by nNOS. Together, the results show that the 7,7-dimethyl-7,8-dihydropterin is a novel structural framework for effective tetrahydrobiopterin analogues.