Picture of a sphere with binary code

Making Strathclyde research discoverable to the world...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. It exposes Strathclyde's world leading Open Access research to many of the world's leading resource discovery tools, and from there onto the screens of researchers around the world.

Explore Strathclyde Open Access research content

A heparin binding motif on the pro-domain of human procathepsin L mediates zymogen destabilization and activation

Fairhead, Michael and Kelly, S.M. and van der Walle, Christopher F. (2008) A heparin binding motif on the pro-domain of human procathepsin L mediates zymogen destabilization and activation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 366 (3). pp. 862-867. ISSN 1090-2104

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

The molecular mechanism by which heparin modulates the processing of procathepsin L in the extracellular environment is proposed. We show that heparin reduces the stability of the pro form of cathepsin L at pH 5 by binding to a putative heparin binding motif (BBXB) in the pro-domain. Mutations to this motif on procathepsin L reduce heparin binding affinity and heparin-induced destabilization; in contrast, heparin only slightly destabilizes the mature cathepsin L domain. Gel analysis further shows that heparin makes procathepsin L a much better substrate for cathepsin L. Thus, heparin enhances the rate of zymogen activation by destabilization upon binding to the BBXB motif. Determining the mechanism by which procathepsin L is activated in the extracellular matrix is important to the understanding of the role that cathepsin L plays in tumour invasion.