Picture of a black hole

Strathclyde Open Access research that creates ripples...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde physicists involved in observing gravitational waves and black hole mergers as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) - but also other internationally significant research from the Department of Physics. Discover why Strathclyde's physics research is making ripples...

Strathprints also exposes world leading research from the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

Ionic liquid crystals: hexafluorophosphate salts

Gordon, C.M. and Holbrey, J.D. and Kennedy, A.R. and Seddon, K.R. (1998) Ionic liquid crystals: hexafluorophosphate salts. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 8 (12). pp. 2627-2636. ISSN 0959-9428

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

A series of novel hexafluorophosphate salts, based on N,N¾-dialkylimidazolium and substituted N-alkylpyridinium cations, display liquid crystalline behaviour at temperatures above their melting point. The temperature range over which liquid crystalline behaviour is observed increases markedly with increasing alkyl chain length. Alkyl substitution at the 3- and 4-positions on the pyridinium ring results in a decrease in the melting point compared with the equivalent unsubstituted salt, but also leads to a large decrease in the tendency towards liquid crystalline behaviour (or mesogenicity). The salts prepared are fully characterised using a wide variety of techniques, including NMR and IR spectroscopy, DSC, and single crystal X-ray diffraction in the case of 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate. The effect of preparing mixtures containing different proportions of two cations is also reported.