Picture of a black hole

Strathclyde Open Access research that creates ripples...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde physicists involved in observing gravitational waves and black hole mergers as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) - but also other internationally significant research from the Department of Physics. Discover why Strathclyde's physics research is making ripples...

Strathprints also exposes world leading research from the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

PAR-2 mediates increased inflammatory cell adhesion and neointima formation following vascular injury in the mouse

Tennant, G.M. and Wadsworth, Roger M. and Kennedy, Simon (2007) PAR-2 mediates increased inflammatory cell adhesion and neointima formation following vascular injury in the mouse. Atherosclerosis, 198 (1). pp. 57-64. ISSN 0021-9150

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

Activation of PAR-2 in the vasculature affects vascular tone and adhesion of leukocytes to the endothelium. Since adhesion of leukocytes is increased following vascular injury and is important in determining the extent of neointima formation, we hypothesised that mice lacking PAR-2 may have reduced neointima formation following vascular injury. PAR-2 activating peptides and trypsin induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of mouse carotid artery which was absent in the knockout mouse. Lack of a PAR-2 receptor did not affect lymphocyte adhesion under basal conditions, but reduced the contractile response produced by lymphocytes. Twenty-eight days after denuding injury, vessel contraction to lymphocytes was reduced in both strains while lymphocyte adhesion was significantly greater in PAR-2+/+ mice compared to the PAR-2 knockout mice. Neointimal area was markedly reduced in the PAR-2 knockout mouse. Our data show that PAR-2 modulates inflammatory cell adhesion when stimulated and in mice lacking the PAR-2 receptor, adhesion to injured vessels is reduced with a consequent reduction in neointima formation.