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Expanding window fountain codes for scalable video multicast

Vukobratovic, D. and Stankovic, Vladimir M. and Sjedinovic, D. and Stankovic, L. and Xiong, Z. (2009) Expanding window fountain codes for scalable video multicast. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2008). IEEE, pp. 77-80. ISBN 978-1-4244-2570-9

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Digital Fountain (DF) codes have recently been suggested as an efficient forward error correction (FEC) solution for video multicast to heterogeneous receiver classes over lossy packet networks. However, to adapt DF codes to low-delay constraints and varying importance of scalable multimedia content, unequal error protection (UEP) DF schemes are needed. Thus, in this paper, Expanding Window Fountain (EWF) codes are proposed as a FEC solution for scalable video multicast. We demonstrate that the design flexibility and UEP performancemake EWF codes ideally suited for this scenario, i.e., EWF codes offer a number of design parameters to be "tuned" at the server side to meet the different reception conditions of heterogeneous receivers. Performance analysis of H.264 Scalable Video Coding (SVC) multicast to heterogeneous receiver classes confirms the flexibility and efficiency of the proposed EWF-based FEC solution.