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Synthesis and crystal structure of trimeric sodium 2,2,6,6- tetramethylpiperidide (NaTMP)

Gehrhus, B. and Hitchcock, P.H. and Kennedy, A.R. and Lappert, M.F. and Mulvey, R.E. and Rodger, P.J.A. (1999) Synthesis and crystal structure of trimeric sodium 2,2,6,6- tetramethylpiperidide (NaTMP). Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 587 (1). ISSN 0022-328X

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Abstract

The title compound has been synthesised in powder form by two distinct methods: namely by sodiation of the parent amine 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine with n-butylsodium in a hydrocarbon solvent or by transmetallation from lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide through the action of sodium t-butoxide in hexane solution. An alternative crystalline specimen suitable for X-ray crystallographic study was grown from a solution which additionally contained n,s-dibutylmagnesium. This study reveals a trimeric molecule of C3h symmetry, its salient feature being a strictly planar (NaN)3 ring. The sterically encumbered amide anions are separated by large N---Na---N bond angles of 143.76(6)°, the bonding in which is slightly asymmetrical (Na---N bond lengths: 2.307(2) and 2.362(2) î..). Discussion focuses on the contrast between the tetrameric ring arrangement of the lithium congener, which was reported several years ago.