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VSC transmission system using flying capacitor multilevel converters and hybrid PWM control

Xu, L. and Agelidis, V.G. (2007) VSC transmission system using flying capacitor multilevel converters and hybrid PWM control. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 22 (1). pp. 693-702. ISSN 0885-8977

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Abstract

A high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission system based on three-level flying capacitor (FC) multilevel converters with hybrid pulse-width modulation (PWM) is presented in this paper. Selective harmonic elimination PWM (SHE-PWM) is used during normal operating conditions and is switched to phase-shifted sinusoidal PWM (PS-SPWM) during an asymmetric network fault. The generation of the switching patterns under SHE-PWM control for each power device is described taking into account the natural balancing of the FC voltages. A new and simple control method for balancing the FC voltages when using SHE-PWM is proposed which is based on the small change of the firing angle according to the polarity of the load current. The FC voltage ripple under SHE-PWM control is estimated and compared to that under PS-SPWM. A method to implement the proposed hybrid PWM with capacitor voltage balancing is also provided. Simulation studies on a 300-MW/plusmn150 kV voltage-source converter transmission system are presented to confirm the satisfactory performance of the proposed system under active and reactive power variations and single-phase fault conditions.