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Context of residential care in the United Kingdom

Mainey, A. and Milligan, I.M. and Campbell, A. and Colton, M. and Roberts, S. and Crimmens, D. (2006) Context of residential care in the United Kingdom. In: Fit for the future? Residential child care in the United Kingdom. National Children's Bureau, pp. 6-22. ISBN 1-904787-95-9

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Abstract

Residential child care has changed significantly in recent decades. Across the United Kingdom, numerous inquiries and official reports into failings have informed both developments in residential care and public perceptions of the residential task. The scale of investigation is vast and recurrent: in 2002, 32 of the 43 police forces in England and Wales were conducting sex abuse inquiries at care homes and schools (Johnston 2002). As a result, residential child care has been constantly reviewed and various initiatives and structures put in place to ensure high-quality care is delivered for children. While obviously similar, specific incidents or needs have led to some unique developments in each of the four nations in the United Kingdom. This chapter outlines the context of current residential child care practice in each nation.