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Lomeguatrib, a potent inhibitor of o-6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltrasnferase: phase i safety, pharmacodynamic, and pharmacokinetic trial and evaluation in combination with temozolomide in patients with advanced solid tumours

Ranson, Malcolm and Middleton, Mark, R. and Bridgewater, John and Lee, Siow Ming and Dawson, M. and Jowle, Debra and Halbert, G.W. and Waller, Sue and McGrath, Helen and Gumbrell, Lindsey and McElhinney, R. Stanley and Donnelly, Dorothy and McMurry, T. Brian H. and Margison, Geoffrey, P. (2006) Lomeguatrib, a potent inhibitor of o-6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltrasnferase: phase i safety, pharmacodynamic, and pharmacokinetic trial and evaluation in combination with temozolomide in patients with advanced solid tumours. Clinical Cancer Research, 12 (5). pp. 1577-1584. ISSN 1557-3265

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Abstract

Purpose: A major mechanism of resistance to temozolomide involves the DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (ATase). The main aims of this phase I trial were to determine an ATase-depleting dose (ADD) of lomeguatrib, a potent pseudosubstrate inhibitor, and to define a suitable dose of temozolomide to be used in combination with lomeguatrib in patients with advanced cancer. Experimental Design: Lomeguatrib was administered at dose levels of 10 to 40 mg/m2 days 1 to 5, as a single agent, and also in combination with temozolomide. Once the ADD of lomeguatrib was identified, the dose of temozolomide in combination was increased, in successive patient cohorts, from 50 to 175 mg/m2 on days 1 to 5 of a 28-day cycle to define the maximal tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity of the combination. Results: Thirty-eight patients with advanced solid tumors were enrolled. More than 95% ATase depletion within 4 hours of the first dose was achieved in peripheral blood mononuclear cells at lomeguatrib doses of ≥10 mg/m2/d i.v. or ≥20 mg/m2/d orally, and tumor biopsies showed ≥92% ATase depletion. At the ADD of lomeguatrib i.v., the maximal tolerated dose of temozolomide in combination was 150 mg/m2 days 1 to 5. The dose limiting toxicity of the combination of lomeguatrib and temozolomide was myelosuppression. The toxicity of lomeguatrib alone was minimal. In 23 patients with measurable disease, one complete response was seen and 12 patients had stable disease for at least 3 months. Conclusion: This first administration of lomeguatrib to man successfully established an oral ADD of lomeguatrib and identified a combination regimen with temozolomide suitable for future clinical evaluation.