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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Assessment of near-infrared spectral information for rapid monitoring of bioprocess quality

Vaidyanathan, I.S. and Arnold, S. Alison and Matheson, L. and Mohan, P. and McNeil, B. and Harvey, L.M. (2001) Assessment of near-infrared spectral information for rapid monitoring of bioprocess quality. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 74 (5). pp. 376-388. ISSN 0006-3592

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Abstract

Access to real-time process information is desirable for consistent and efficient operation of bioprocesses. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is known to have potential for providing real-time information on the quantitative levels of important bioprocess variables. However, given the fact that a typical NIR spectrum encompasses information regarding almost all the constituents of the sample matrix, there are few case studies that have investigated the spectral details for applications in bioprocess quality assessment or qualitative bioprocess monitoring. Such information would be invaluable in providing operator-level assistance on the progress of a bioprocess in industrial-scale productions. We investigated this aspect and report the results of our investigation. Near-infrared spectral information derived from scanning unprocessed culture fluid (broth) samples from a complex antibiotic production process was assessed for a data set that incorporated bioprocess variations. Principal component analysis was applied to the spectral data and the loadings and scores of the principal components studied. Changes in the spectral information that corresponded to variations in the bioprocess could be deciphered. Despite the complexity of the matrix, near-infrared spectra of the culture broth are shown to have valuable information that can be deconvoluted with the help of factor analysis techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA). Although complex to interpret, the loadings and score plots are shown to offer potential in process diagnosis that could be of value in the rapid assessment of process quality, and in data assessment prior to quantitative model development.