Zhao, Y. and He, D. and Saatian, B. and Watkins, T. and Spannhake, E.W. and Pyne, N.J. and Natarajan, V. (2006) Regulation of lysophosphatidic acid-induced epidermal growth factor receptor transactivation and interleukin-8 secretion in human bronchial epithelial cells by protein kinase cdelta, lyn kinase, and matrix metalloproteinases. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281 (28). pp. 19501-19511. ISSN 1083-351XFull text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)
We have demonstrated earlier that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion is regulated by protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ)-dependent NF-κB activation in human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEpCs). Here we provide evidence for signaling pathways that regulate LPA-mediated transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the role of cross-talk between G-protein-coupled receptors and receptor-tyrosine kinases in IL-8 secretion in HBEpCs. Treatment of HBEpCs with LPA stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of EGFR, which was attenuated by matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor (GM6001), heparin binding (HB)-EGF inhibitor (CRM 197), and HB-EGF neutralizing antibody. Overexpression of dominant negative PKCδ or pretreatment with a PKCδ inhibitor (rottlerin) or Src kinase family inhibitor (PP2) partially blocked LPA-induced MMP activation, proHB-EGF shedding, and EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation. Down-regulation of Lyn kinase, but not Src kinase, by specific small interfering RNA mitigated LPA-induced MMP activation, proHB-EGF shedding, and EGFR phosphorylation. In addition, overexpression of dominant negative PKCδ blocked LPA-induced phosphorylation and translocation of Lyn kinase to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, down-regulation of EGFR by EGFR small interfering RNA or pretreatment of cells with EGFR inhibitors AG1478 and PD158780 almost completely blocked LPA-dependent EGFR phosphorylation and partially attenuated IL-8 secretion, respectively. These results demonstrate that LPA-induced IL-8 secretion is partly dependent on EGFR transactivation regulated by PKCδ-dependent activation of Lyn kinase and MMPs and proHB-EGF shedding, suggesting a novel mechanism of cross-talk and interaction between G-protein-coupled receptors and receptor-tyrosine kinases in HBEpCs.
|Keywords:||lysophosphatidic acid , heparin binding, epidermal growth factor, human bronchial epithelial cells, matrix metalloproteinase, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, mitogenactivated protein kinase, bronchial epithelial basal medium, phosphatidic acid, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, multiplicity of infection, Pharmacy and materia medica, Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology|
|Subjects:||Medicine > Pharmacy and materia medica|
|Department:||Faculty of Science > Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences|
|Depositing user:||Strathprints Administrator|
|Date Deposited:||02 Dec 2011 11:37|
|Last modified:||03 Feb 2017 12:28|